Monday, May 25, 2020

The Life of George Washington - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 6 Words: 1865 Downloads: 2 Date added: 2019/07/03 Category People Essay Level High school Topics: George Washington Essay Did you like this example? George Washington was born on February 22, 1732, in Westmoreland County, Virginia. George Washington could thank his familys presence in North America to his great-grandfather, John Washington, who migrated from England to Virginia. Washingtons family was distinct when they lived in England and they were granted land by Henry VIII. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "The Life of George Washington" essay for you Create order A large portion of his familys wealth was lost during the Puritan revolution, that was the reason why Georges grandfather, Lawrence Washington, migrated to Virginia in 1657. There is not much information about Washingtons childhood, biographers manufactured untrue stories to fill in the gap. Among these are the stories that Washington threw a silver dollar across the Potomac and after chopping down his fathers prize cherry tree, he openly confessed to be guilty. It is known that from age seven to fifteen, George studied with the local church sexton and was homeschooled and and later a schoolmaster in practical geography, math, the English classics and Latin. But much of the wisdom and knowledge he would use the rest of his life was through his liaison with backwoodsmen and the plantation foreman. By his early teens, he had mastered growing tobacco, surveying and stock raising. Washingtons dad passed on when he was 11 and he turned into the ward of his stepbrother, Lawrence, who gave him a decent childhood. Lawrence had acquired the familys Little Hunting Creek Plantation and wedded Anne Fairfax, the girl of Colonel William Fairfax, patriarch of the well to do Fairfax family. Under her coach age, George was educated in the better parts of provincial culture. In 1748, when he was 16, George went with a looking over gathering plotting land in Virginias western domain. The next year, helped by Lord Fairfax, Washington got an arrangement as official surveyor of Culpeper County. For a long time he was exceptionally bustling reviewing the land in Culpeper, Frederick and Augusta districts. The experience made him ingenious and toughened his body and brain. It additionally aroused his enthusiasm for western land property, an intrigue that persisted for a mind-blowing duration with theoretical land buys and a conviction that the fate of the country lay in colonizing the West. In July 1752, George Washingtons stepbrother, Lawrence, passed away of tuberculosis making him the only owner of the Washington lands. Lawrences single youngster, Sarah, kicked the bucket two months after the fact and Washington turned into the head of one of Virginias most conspicuous bequests, Mount Vernon. He was 20 years of age. For an incredible duration, he would hold cultivating as a standout amongst the most decent callings and he was most pleased with Mount Vernon. He would progressively expand his landholdings there to around 8,000 sections of land. In the mid 1750s, France and Britain found a sense of contentment. In any case, the French military had started involving a significant part of the Ohio Valley, securing the Kings territory advantages and hide trappers and French pioneers. In any case, the outskirt terrains of this region were hazy and inclined to question between the two nations. Washington hinted at early characteristic authority and not long after Lawrences demise, Virginias Lieutenant Governor, Robert Dinwiddie, delegated Washington assistant with a rank of major in the Virginia state army. Dinwiddie instructed Washington to travel to Wills Creek (Cumberland, MD)where the Ohio Companys fortified storehouse was locatedand to hire Christopher Gist as a guide. From there, he was to hire porters and proceed to Logstown, an Indian settlement. At Logstown, Washington was to determine where the French forces were posted, request an Indian escort, and proceed to the French forts in the Ohio River Valley. (Washington and The French Indian War) A month in the wake of leaving the armed force, Washington married Martha Dandridge Custis, a widow, who was just a couple of months more seasoned than he. Martha conveyed to the marriage an impressive fortune: a 18,000-section of land bequest, from which George by and by obtained 6,000 sections of land. With this and land he was conceded for his military administration, Washington ended up one of the more rich landowners in Virginia. The marriage additionally brought Marthas two youthful youngsters, John Jacky and Martha Patsy, ages six and four, separately. Washington showered extraordinary fondness on them two, and was crushed when Patsy kicked the bucket just before the Revolution. Jacky passed away amid the Revolution, and George embraced two of his kids. From his retirement from the Virginia volunteer army until the beginning of the Revolution, George Washington dedicated himself to the consideration and improvement of his property possessions, going to the pivot of products, overseeing domesticated animals and staying aware of the most recent logical advances. He adored the handled nobilitys life of horseback riding, fox chases, angling, and cotillions. He worked six days seven days, frequently removing his jacket and performing difficult work with his specialists. He was an inventive and capable landowner, reproducing steers and ponies and keeping an eye on his natural product plantations. While he kept more than 100 slaves, he was said to detest the foundation, yet acknowledged the way that subjugation was the law. He additionally entered legislative issues and was chosen to Virginias House of Burgesses in 1758. After the battles of Lexington and Concord in April 1775, the political question between Great Britain and her North American settlements swelled into an equipped clash. In May, Washington ventured out to the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia wearing a military uniform, demonstrating that he was set up for war. On June fifteenth, he was designated Major General and Commander-in-Chief of the frontier powers against Great Britain. Just like his custom, he didnt search out the workplace of administrator, however he confronted no genuine rivalry. Washington was the best decision for various reasons: he had the distinction, military experience and appeal for the activity and he had been exhorting Congress for quite a long time. Another factor was political. The Revolution had begun in New England and at the time, they were the main settlements that had straightforwardly felt the unpolished of British oppression. Virginia was the biggest British settlement and merited acknowledgm ent and New England required Southern help. In August 1776, the British armed force propelled an assault and rapidly took New York City in the biggest clash of the war. Washingtons armed force was steered and endured the surrender of 2,800 men. He requested the remaining parts of his armed force to withdraw over the Delaware River into Pennsylvania. Sure the war would be over in a couple of months, General Howe wintered his troops at Trenton and Princeton, leaving Washington allowed to assault at the time and place based on his personal preference. On Christmas night, 1776, Washington and his men crossed the Delaware River and assaulted clueless Hessian hired soldiers at Trenton, constraining their surrender. A couple of days after the fact, sidestepping a power that had been sent to annihilate his armed force, Washington assaulted the British once more, this time at Princeton, giving them a mortifying misfortune. In the pre-fall of 1777, the British armed force sent a noteworthy po wer, under the order of John Burgoyne, south from Quebec to Saratoga, New York, to separate from the defiance in New England. Be that as it may, the technique exploded backward, as Burgoyne ended up caught by the American armed forces driven by Horatio Gates and Benedict Arnold, at the Battle of Saratoga. Without help from Howe, who couldnt contact him in time, he was compelled to surrender his whole 6,200 man armed force. The triumph was a noteworthy defining moment in the war as it urged France to straightforwardly align itself with the American reason for autonomy. Through the majority of this, Washington found a critical exercise: The political idea of war was similarly as vital as the military one. Washington started to comprehend that military triumphs were not as vital as keeping the opposition alive. Americans started to trust that they could meet their target of autonomy without vanquishing the British armed force. Then again, British General Howe clung to the system of cat ching pilgrim urban areas with expectations of covering the defiance. He didnt understand that catching urban areas like Philadelphia and New York would not unseat pilgrim control. The Congress would simply pack up and meet somewhere else. In 1787, Washington was again called to the obligation of his nation. Since freedom, the youthful republic had been battling under the Articles of Confederation, a structure of government that focused power with the states. In any case, the states were not brought together. They battled among themselves over limits and route rights and declined to add to satisfying the countrys war obligation. In a few examples, state governing bodies forced overbearing duty strategies all alone subjects. As the main president, Washington was cleverly mindful that his administration would set a point of reference for all that would pursue. He precisely took care of the obligations and obligations of his office, remaining vigilante to not imitate any European regal court. Keeping that in mind, he favored the title Mr. President, rather than all the more forcing names that were proposed. At first he declined the $25,000 pay Congress offered the workplace of the administration, for he was at that point well off and needed to secure his picture as a benevolent local official. In any case, Congress influenced him to acknowledge the remuneration to abstain from giving the feeling that just well off men could fill in as president. In his first term, Washington received a progression of measures proposed by Treasury Secretary Hamilton to pay off the countrys obligation and place its accounts on sound balance. His organization set up a few harmony bargains with Native American clans and endorsed a bill building up the countrys capital in a changeless region along the Potomac River. In 1791, Washington marked a bill approving Congress to put an expense on refined spirits, which blended dissents in rustic zones of Pennsylvania. On a chilly December day in 1799, Washington spent a lot of it reviewing the homestead on horseback in a driving snowstorm. When he returned home, he hurriedly ate his dinner in his wet garments and afterward went to bed. The following morning, on December 13, he got up with an extreme sore throat and turned out to be progressively raspy. He resigned early, however stirred around 3 a.m. also, disclosed to Martha that he felt debilitated. The disease advanced until he kicked the bucket late at night of December 14, 1799. The news of his passing spread all through the nation, diving the country into a profound grieving. Numerous towns and urban areas held deride funerals and displayed several tributes to respect their fallen legend. At the point when the news of this demise achieved Europe, the British armada paid tribute to his memory, and Napoleon requested ten days of grieving. He was viewed as a military and progressive legend, as well as a man of extraordinary individual trustwort hiness, with a profound feeling of obligation, respect, and patriotism. For more than 200 years, Washington has been acclaimed as imperative to the accomplishment of the Revolution and the introduction of the country. In any case, his most essential heritage might be that he demanded he was nonessential, declaring that the reason for freedom was bigger than any single person.

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Admissions Should Be Academically Based And Colorblind

I believe that the TPP Plan has the right idea, that admissions should be academically based and colorblind. Thus, my policy is similar but does not involve automatic admissions or percentages. The policy I would institute is an academics-only approach to admissions, wherein any other factors besides academic history and potential of an applicant are disregarded. These additional factors include, but are not limited to, gender, sex, sexual orientation, race, religion, creed, disability, legacy, income, or athletic ability. The policy would only apply to public four-year institutions and schools that receive any federal funding. If a private school wants to discriminate based on factors beyond academics then they should have that right and if people wish to attend that type of school they too have that right. But alongside of that should exist impartial options for higher education where applicants are not judged or discriminated for or against based on arbitrary traits that they have no control over, except the only one that should matter at a college or university, academics. Schools will also be required to be extremely transparent in their admissions policies, stating clearly the minimum standardized test score and GPA they will accept. In doing so, the number of applicants might initially decrease since much of the gambling aspect will be removed and applicants will know exactly where they stand in terms of making the cut off criteria or not. This would lead to aShow MoreRelated Universities Must Continue with the Race-sensitive Admissions Process3209 Words   |  13 Pagesheadlines and public forums demand educational reform with growing frequency. Race-sensitive admissions policies are often at the center of these debates. For example, according to the Los Angeles Times on March 21, 2001, the Los Angeles Community College district trustees are scheduled to vote for a resolution to support the University of California’s move to reinstate affirmative action in its admissions policies. This reinstatement has visible student support as seen in th e March 15, 2001 ralliesRead More The Affirmative Action Debate Essay1642 Words   |  7 Pagesdesigned to advance equality of educationalopportunity for individuals from groups that have suffered systematic historical discrimination† (Mickelson 29). What is being referred to here is race-based affirmative action, or the act of taking into consideration an applicant’s race in the college admissions process. This is a hot topic all over the United States and has been for quite a while, the debate raging between two sides: those in support of affirmative action and those opposed. The ethics ofRead MoreAffirmative Action Is Not A New Concept Essay2025 Words   |  9 PagesUnited States today is that of affirmative action. Affirmative action is a set of procedures, laws and policies with the intent to eliminate forms of discrimination. In recent years affirmative action has focused on racial preferences in college admissions resulting in the Supreme Court ruling on affirm ative action in 2013. In regards to this different arguments say that the ruling affects minority and non-minority students because, it discriminates against non-minorities, creates equal opportunity

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

A Woman And A Nail - 1294 Words

A Woman And A Nail Judges 3-5 For 18 years the Israelites had served Eglon, the wicked king of Moab. Then Ehud, a man that the Lord had raised up to save the Children of Israel, killed Eglon. Eglon is the only person in the Bible who is described as being â€Å"very fat.† Ehud was the second judge of Israel, a Benjamite and a left handed man who wore a dagger on his right thigh. After Ehud killed Eglon, the Land enjoyed peace for 80 years; however, â€Å"When Ehud was dead the Children of Israel again did evil in the sight of the Lord.† And those were the days when everyone did what was right in his own eyes. Although, the Lord had delivered Israel on several occasions, they had gone back to doing evil. They had gotten careless and sinful again;†¦show more content†¦King Jabin’s commander in chief was General Sisera who led the Canaanite army of perhaps 100,000 soldiers. We do know that he had 900 chariots of Iron; instruments of war, which were manned by skilled soldiers. Just at that time there was a woman judge in Israel. She was the 4th of the judges (or 5th if Gideon was a judge) her name was Deborah. God had raised her up to do His will. To be a spokeswoman to the Children of Israel; to relay top them the Word of God. God sent a message by Deborah, to Barak, an Israelite man. Barak was to raise an army from among the Israelites and wage war against the Canaanites. Even though God had promised to go with them and assured Barak of a victory, he was afraid to go, for he was certain there was no way that his army could defeat Sisera’s warriors, but Deborah reminded him that it was God’s will for him to go. So, he told Deborah that he would go; only if she would go with him. Deborah agreed to go with him, but she told him that since he would not do God’s Will completely as He commanded, he would not receive the honor of defeating Sisera; that would go to a woman.. Barak raised an army of 10,000 men who marched toward Sisera’s army as The Lord instructed. The Israelites soldiers were outnumbered and they had no means of withstanding Sisera’s 900 chariots of iron. They were really outnumbered. But God gave the victory. However, Barak’s army, which was made up of Israelite men from

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Patterns of Child Development Essay Example For Students

Patterns of Child Development Essay The various aspects of child development encompass physical growth, emotional and psychological changes, and social adjustments. A great many determinants influence patterns of development and change. On the average, a newborn baby weighs 3.4 kg (7.5 lb) and is 53 cm (21 in) long, with the head disproportionately larger than the lower part of the body. As the child grows, increments in height are greatest from birth to three years; thereafter they are relatively constant until adolescence. The growth spurt at adolescence is far less than during infancy. Weight increments are also large during the first three years but are equally large during adolescence. Research shows that growth rates are influenced by the health of the child. Rates of development decelerate during illness; after an illness is cured, however, growth rates accelerate until children attain their appropriate height and weight. Dramatic changes occur in motor skills from birth through the first two years. At birth infants are capable of extensive uncoordinated movements. One feature of the early motor behavior of infants is the large number of reflex-like actions. These actions appear for a short time after birth and then disappear. For example, when the palm of the hand is stroked lightly the fingers involuntarily close, forming a fist; this is called the palmar reflex. From these early movements, distinct sequential patterns of motor development occur. Walking, which occurs on the average between 13 and 15 months, emerges from a sequence of 14 earlier stages. Research shows that the rate of acquisition of motor skills is innately determined and that the acquisition of these skills is not influenced by practice. Severe restrictions on motor activities, however, will alter both the pattern and rate of development. After basic motor skills are acquired, children learn to integrate their movements with perceptual skills, especially spatial perception. This process is critical for the achievement of eye-hand coordination and for the higher-level skills required for many sports activities. The ability to communicate and to understand language is a major achievement of human beings. An amazing feature of language development is the speed with which it is acquired: The first word is spoken at about 12 months; by two years of age most children have vocabularies of about 270 words, and this increases to 2600 words at the age of six. It is almost impossible to determine the number of sentence constructions that can be generated within a single language. Children, however, use syntactically correct sentences by the age of three and highly complex constructions by the age of five. This extraordinary phenomenon cannot be explained by means of simple learning theory. Today theorists are concerned with the relationship between cognitive growth and language. It is now assumed that language reflects childrens concepts and develops as their concepts expand. Theories of personality are attempts to describe how people behave in satisfying their physical and psychological needs. An inability to satisfy such needs creates a personal conflict. Personality formation is viewed as the process by which children learn how to avoid conflict when possible and how to cope with conflict when it inevitably occurs. Overly restrictive or overly permissive parents limit their childrens options in avoiding and coping with conflict. A normal response to overwhelming conflict is to revert to a defense mechanism such as rationalizationthe denial that one ever wanted a specific objective, for example. Although everyone uses defense mechanisms at some time, they should not become a persons sole means of coping with conflict. A child with a balanced, integrated personality feels accepted and loved and has been allowed to learn a number of appropriate coping mechanisms. .udbaf27f4665aa3682618d62ba13ce01c , .udbaf27f4665aa3682618d62ba13ce01c .postImageUrl , .udbaf27f4665aa3682618d62ba13ce01c .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .udbaf27f4665aa3682618d62ba13ce01c , .udbaf27f4665aa3682618d62ba13ce01c:hover , .udbaf27f4665aa3682618d62ba13ce01c:visited , .udbaf27f4665aa3682618d62ba13ce01c:active { border:0!important; } .udbaf27f4665aa3682618d62ba13ce01c .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .udbaf27f4665aa3682618d62ba13ce01c { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .udbaf27f4665aa3682618d62ba13ce01c:active , .udbaf27f4665aa3682618d62ba13ce01c:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .udbaf27f4665aa3682618d62ba13ce01c .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .udbaf27f4665aa3682618d62ba13ce01c .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .udbaf27f4665aa3682618d62ba13ce01c .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .udbaf27f4665aa3682618d62ba13ce01c .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .udbaf27f4665aa3682618d62ba13ce01c:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .udbaf27f4665aa3682618d62ba13ce01c .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .udbaf27f4665aa3682618d62ba13ce01c .udbaf27f4665aa3682618d62ba13ce01c-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .udbaf27f4665aa3682618d62ba13ce01c:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Biography of Nikki Giovanni Essay Intelligence may be defined as the ability to manipulate abstract verbal concepts effectively. This definition is reflected in the types of questions asked on intelligence tests for children. Two well-known teststhe Stanford-Binet and the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, Revisedare used to index childrens mental growth and to predict learning performances. Because school learning seems to depend on the ability to reason verbally, the content of intelligence tests seems appropriate. Some relationship does indeed exist between intelligence-test performance and school achievement. Predictions based on tests are imperfect, however, because intelligence tests do not measure motivation and because knowledge about the skills .

Friday, April 10, 2020

The City Of Swine Essay Research Paper free essay sample

The City Of Swine Essay, Research Paper The City of Swine By: When one looks at why Plato would hold included Glaucon s sarcastic comment of naming the first metropolis a metropolis of swine ( 372d ) in his duologue the Republic of Plato, one must understand what it is that Glaucon was speaking approximately. To understand what Glaucon s sarcastic comment meant ; and how of import it was, is because there had to be more to what Plato was composing approximately. And that Glaucon s comment helped take Plato s Hagiographas right into what followed. For I m certain to presume that: Polemarchus, Thrasymuchus, and Cephalus would hold had some sarcastic comments as good throughout the dialectic ; but Plato must hold ignored them, or take non to include them, because their comments would hold been unimportant. So why did Plato include the remark metropolis of swine, and why did Glaucon name it a metropolis of swine? In order to understand the comment metropolis of swine we must foremost understand why Plato is depicting the metropolis. We will write a custom essay sample on The City Of Swine Essay Research Paper or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Why Plato is depicting the metropolis, is that they are looking for the reply to what precisely justness is. For they had failed to come up with a sensible reply in earlier efforts to specify what justness was. In earlier efforts to specify justness, Cephalus said, to state the truth and refund one s debts. ( 331c ) . Socrates nevertheless dismissed this with the insane adult male illustration. Polemarchus said, that it was merely or right to give back to each adult male what was due to him. This Polemarchus specifies as, making good to one s friends and injury to one s enemies. ( 331e-332b ) . This excessively was easy dismissed by Socrates that it can t be portion of justness to make injury to anybody, and one can be mistaken as to who their existent friends are. Therminacus thought for justness was, justness is for the strong. Socrates used the good physician to rebut this claim every bit good, and showed that justness International Relations and Security Network T for the strong . So with no existent reply to what justness was in the person and nowhere to turn to look for justness, they had decided to look for justness in a larger graduated table. So why did they look to the metropolis for the reply to justice? In ( 435e ) Socrates maintains the person must hold the same features as the metropolis, for otherwise the metropolis itself could non posses them. In ( 368d ) Plato says they should look non to the single adult male, but to the community as a whole. And since a metropolis is larger than an single, it would do it easier to do out or happen what justness is in the metropolis. Plus in Plato s clip the jurisprudence of the province is the beginning of all criterions of human life, and that the virtuousness of the person is the same as the virtuousness of the citizen. ( Jaeger. Paideia, Vol. II, P. 157. ) With this established they had no jobs with looking to the metropolis for the reply to justness. So what is the metropolis? Why is it called the economic metropolis? Or why is it called the simple metropolis? In Plato s history of the first metropolis, ( 369-372 ) , the metropolis is reasonably clear in its description. In it, it is a metropolis that comes together fundamentally because of adult male s basic demand for endurance. Because Plato provinces, an single adult male is unequal and can non supply for his basic demands like: nutrient, shelter, and vesture entirely. It is a metropolis where 1 has to bring forth adequate goods for himself, and sell or merchandise the remainder for what he needs. This metropolis is fundamentally a working town merely, where work forces do their undertaking or occupation good ; selling their service or goods, and purchasing the services or goods they need. It is a simple economic metropolis for adult male s basic demands of endurance. So why did Glaucon protest to this metropolis, stating that the life which it provides will be overly severe, doing it a metropolis of swine? ( 372d ) Why did Glaucon name this metropolis, badly simple, and stiffly rigorous in its mode of life? I believe he called it a metropolis of swine because the people in this metropolis lived like hogs! A people with no intent other so one s ain demand for endurance. A people with minimum necessities, with no emotion or feeling. A people with no satisfactory purpose other than the basic economic demands. And I m certain Glaucon was believing that this couldn t possible be it, when he said metropolis of swine. For there was no governmen T or swayers, no defence system from neighbouring metropoliss, no type of jurisprudence enforcement from boisterous citizens, no Torahs and no penalty what so of all time! Plus who in their right head would be wholly satisfied or happy with themselves merely working at one occupation for no intent other than basic endurance. I besides think Glaucon was believing that this basic endurance for adult male was no different than populating like an animate being, and that is portion of the ground he called it a metropolis of swine. For if adult male is to be satisfied he needs more. He needs friendly relationship, love, and enjoyment. He needs enjoyment in finer things like: music, reading, composing, or as we used in our category treatment: how Jean-Luc enjoyed a good bottle of Red Dog, acquiring barreled and love, to be happy one time in a piece. So why did Plato depict this simple metropolis, the metropolis of swine in the Republic of Plato? I believe he included it because it showed that the basic adult male is simple in nature. The basic adult male is self-interested and driven by economic additions. And by depicting the first metropolis, Plato is demoing us that the economic adult male or metropolis demands more. For this metropolis or adult male may work in theory, but that is all it is! For this metropolis to work entails that all its citizens are working and can acquire along with each other. It is a metropolis that will either thrive or die! For if all its citizens can acquire along with each other and continue working, so the metropolis will last and derive economically. If they don t, there will be entire upset as everyone will be making their ain thing, for their ain personal addition and as a consequence the metropolis will neglect. It will neglect because for a portion is non merely a portion of something else, b ut besides entirely it belongs to that something else ( 1254a8 Aristotle s Politics ) . And if you start taking away the parts or person from the basic metropolis, the basic metropolis will go nonextant. Plus I believe Plato is besides stating that if this economic metropolis gets along for a piece, and is booming, its citizens will finally desire more. Since each adult male will desire more, he will get down prosecuting his ain opportunism or addition, alternatively of the involvement of the metropolis. If everyone is making or prosecuting his ain opportunism or addition, finally one will get down stepping on person else s toes. And when this happens, the upset will get down, and the metropolis will neglect! Now when you look back to ( 1254a8 of Aristotle s Politicss, For what are the parts of apart in a whole? ) and think of Glaucon s comment at ( 372d ) : and set it toward the single alternatively of the metropolis, you see there is and has to more to the person, so as described in the simple metropolis. And because of Glaucon s comment, he was asked, how would you make it, describe the metropolis? Glaucon responded by stating, give the people the amenitiess of ordinary life. Probably believing don T put the people on the same degrees as an animate being, give them finer things like chairs, tabular arraies, and civilized nutrient. Socrates agrees to this, and starts to depict the metropolis once more, but with more people because it would take more people to supply for these luxuries. And with more people it showed: the metropolis would necessitate more land ; therefore an ground forces would be needed, to derive and protect the land. And with more people Torahs would be needed ; there fore they would necessitate swayers to do these Torahs. So with this done it showed the first metropolis was uncomplete and out of balance as would the single be out of balance or uncomplete. With this new metropolis it establishes that the metropolis has different categories to do it complete, and since the metropolis is as an person, the person must hold different categories. The categories in the metropolis being swayers, the defenders, and the common people, and the categories in the single being ground, spirit, and will. And it is the balance of these categories that will maintain the metropolis together, and the single complete. And that is why Glaucon called the first metropolis a metropolis of swine, for it lacked human qualities or it lacked the ground, spirit and will. Another ground Glaucon s comment was of import is that by denying the first metropolis, it allowed the constitution of the 2nd merely and complete metropolis. This was of import because it gave them somethin g to travel back on, to corroborate what justness was in the person!

Monday, March 9, 2020

Briefly explain the major objectives or underlying philosophies of HRM

Briefly explain the major objectives or underlying philosophies of HRM Briefly explain the major objectives or underlying philosophies of HRM and what activities these may involve – Essay Example Briefly explain the major objectives or underlying philosophies of HRM and what activities these may involve The main purpose of human resource management includes maintaining better relationships between the employees and the organization, as well as between the employees themselves. In the management of human resources, activities that may be involved include development, evaluation and application of programs that relate to human resources. One of the main objectives of human resources management includes the effective and efficient use of the potential, which the workforce has. To achieve this objective, some of the activities that the human resource department may engage in include ensuring that employees are assigned targets that they can achieve. In addition, proper use of the employees’ skills will ensure that the organization achieves this objective (Randhawa 2007, p. 7). Another objective of human resources management includes ensuring that the organization achieves cost-effective employment of human resources. In order to achieve this objective, the organization should engage in activities such as offering competitive pay rates, which are neither too low nor too high. The organization should also ensure that there is no staff turnover and ensure that the investment on training of employees has returns. Human resource management also has the objective of ensuring that the workforce matches the needs of the organization. For this to be achieved, some of the activities involved include planning the workforce in order to make sure that the organization has members of staff who possess the required skills (Randhawa 2007, p. 8). The other objective of human resource management includes effective recruitment so as to ensure that the organization achieves the workforce needs. The activities involved in achieving this objective include organizing training programmes, which will play a crucial role in covering the gaps in skills that may result from technological changes or changes in processes. Human resource management also has the objective of satisfying needs of the employees both at the group and the individual level. Activities involved in achieving this objective include provision of equitable remuneration, employee benefits, providing incentives, and recognition of employees. The other objective of human resource management is to ensure that employees have high morale. This can be done through activities such as improving working conditions, provision of adequate facilities at the workplace and promotions (Randhawa 2007, p. 9). References List Randhawa, G. (2007). Human Resource Management, New Delhi, Atlantic Publishers & Dist. pp. 7-10.

Saturday, February 22, 2020

One word description speech Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words

One word description speech - Essay Example Well, this is not competition but rather trying to determine where I need to improve on. It is worth noting that my confidence and enthusiasm also complements my greatest trait. I socialize a lot because I believe in the power of being together and sharing. In fact, I believe that my social nature helps me deals with anxiety, depression and anger. I have human nature and believe that honesty is one of the avenues of success. Just not to keep you waiting for long, I was trying to justify my major trait; which is ambitious. That is the kind of a person I am. Just to add on top, being an ambitious person has enabled me to be very organized, academically prepared and successful in various situations. As they say, each and every human has the weakness and the strength side of him/herself. My weakness is that I sometimes solve my problems in a simple way; that sometimes do not give me the ultimate solutions to the problem I am faced. To summarize it all, my ambition is my strength and I believe it is my driver to

Thursday, February 6, 2020

Explain the Rise and Fall of Keynesianism Essay - 1

Explain the Rise and Fall of Keynesianism - Essay Example It then goes on to discuss the all the theories that led to the rise of the Keynesianism and other potentially his radical forms of theories (Milgate and Eatwell 62). As asserted by Leeson (263), one of the factors that led to the rise of Keynesianism was the Keynes stewardship and experience with the treaty Versailles. This pushed him in making a break from the previous theory models he had put across. He involved many individuals into a treaty which led to the formation of the Economic consequences of the Peace (ECP) (Auerbach). From the book, he was established as an economy that had practical political skill to influence the policy making of the world economics at any summit. The peace treaties brought hope and expectation to the people’s development (Blinder 279). This also ensured unity and togetherness among the people. This further resulted in stability in the region and the nation at large which is requisite for a regional and economic development. Leeson (264) adds t hat another factor is the gold standard. This was a monetary system which used a particular economic unit based on a fixed weight and amount of gold. There were three types of gold standards: the first one was the gold specie standard in which the monetary unit is associated with the value of circulating gold coins or has the value of certain circulating gold coin together with other less valuable coins (Milgate and Eatwell 69). The second one, the gold exchange standard which did not involve the use of gold but a government guaranteed fixed exchange rate with another country which does not use gold (Blinder 281). Finally we have a gold bullion standard system which does not circulate gold but authorizes the selling of gold bullion on demand. This use of currency made Keynesianism a strong and powerful economy. Through this, many economies were attracted from different parts of the world in order to look for currency from them (Bleaney 265). During the 18th century when there were w ars within Europe and trade deficit with China, silver as a currency was drained from the economy of many Western European countries. Countries like United Kingdom created a massive recoinage program which acted as a currency reservoir for the UK. Unfortunately it came out that there was an exchange of unequal gold and silver currencies between the United Kingdom and Keynesianism. This later made Keynes so powerful and hence the rise (Yoshikawa 178). Keynesianism benefited from neo liberalism greatly. This is because the political philosophy they acquired enabled them to support economic liberalization. This allowed the Keynesianism to have their own economic theory and dominate it among the most powerful countries by then such as the United Kingdom and United States. Leeson (266) asserts that they had also a free trade and market control that was an advantage which made them became powerful economic and revenue gainers in the market. In addition, Keynesianism had control also over open markets and privatization of the market (Leeson, 268). They could also deregulate the laws that are enacted by other market policies in their favor. Keynesianism also had an upper hand in enacting his own market policies which would favor their market structure (Auerbach). This made them more powerful in controlling the economy of the region and hence their rise in power. Keynes had a stable monetary policy which had effectively demanded to

Tuesday, January 28, 2020

Aristotle - Short Essay Essay Example for Free

Aristotle Short Essay Essay Throughout his life, Aristotle paid particularly close attention to the notion of happiness. In Aristotle’s opinion, happiness is achieved by obtaining the highest good by living a good life. However, living a good life in accordance with Aristotle’s views can be difficult. He believes that in order to live a good life, one must constantly seek to fulfill the bodily needs. To do so, one must live with moral and intellectual virtues at all times. Aristotle believed that living with moral and intellectual virtues is accomplished by developing a keen sense of rationality. He says that rational judgment is the result of living within the appropriate mean of two extremes. There are several examples he gives to illustrate this conception. One example he provides is the appropriate mean between acting bravely and acting cowardly. He proceeds to explain that if he was to act overly brave then when he was in battle he would act overzealously and cause himself harm. However, if he was to act without enough aggression then he would appear cowardly. Aristotle explains that it is reasonable to be confused with this explanation. He further explains that it is not finding the exact mean between two extremes that one must endeavor, but to assess each situation individually. He says that with each situation that arises, one must analyze it and determine to what degree of one extreme or another one must respond with. Each person, he believes, will react differently and no situation will be exactly the same. It is through one’s intelligence and practical wisdom that will allow them to live with moral and intellectual virtues. By following this conception, Aristotle believes happiness can be achieved. Although Aristotle’s conception of happiness is a sensible argument, it fails to account for a number of situations. Aristotle’s primary thesis concerns the application of the appropriate mean of two extremes. However, there are several situations which do not have an appropriate mean between two extremes. For example, there is no mean found on the issue of murder. If Aristotle’s conception was applied, would someone have to determine the mean between excessively murdering and only slightly murdering another person? In such a case as this, Aristotle argues that there are some actions which do not need any application of the mean of two extremes because some actions are always wrong. With this explanation raises the question why the concept of a mean between extremes is given if it cannot account for all situations? Furthermore, it also brings into question when to apply a mean between extremes or how to determine that a particular action is an exception because it is just simply wrong. Therefore, because Aristotle’s conception of happiness fails to account for all practicalities, it is not a good model to define happiness.

Monday, January 20, 2020

Mozart Essay examples -- essays research papers

MOZART Mozart is perhaps the greatest musical genius who ever lived. Mozart 's full name is Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Most people called him Mozart or Wolfgang. Mozart was born in Salzburg, Austria, January 27, 1756. Mozart is the greatest musical child prodigy who ever lived. He began composing minuets at the age of 5 and symphonies at age 9. His father took him on a series of concert tours together with his sister, Maria Anna; born four and one-half years before Mozart. She too, was a child prodigy. Both played the keyboard, but Mozart became a violin virtuoso, as well. In 1762 he and his sister, "Nannerl," as she was nicknamed, performed before the Elector of Bavaria in Munich, and at the Imperial Court in Vienna. In 1763 the Morzart's visited Mannheim. This is where Mozart, learned all about the orchestra and symphonies composed there. In London Mozart met the son of J. S. Bach. He played before distinguished audiences, and composed a sacred chorus. In 1770, he began to master the two types of Italian opera: opera buffa (comic opera) and opera seria (serious opera). In 1777, Mozart's family visited Paris. His mother fell ill and died during their visit. In 1782, Mozart married Constanze Weber against his father's wishes. In 1783, Mozart and Constanze visited Salzburg, where he helped Michael Haydn out of a difficult spo...

Sunday, January 12, 2020

“Ode to a Nightingale” and “To Autumn” by John Keats. Essay

Romanticism is a movement in literature that came as a result of a revolt against the previous period â€Å"Classicism†. John Keats was an English poet who became one of the most important Romantic poets. William Wordsworth, another significant figure during Romanticism, described it as â€Å"liberalism in literature’, meaning the artist was free from restraints and rules, and was encouraged to write about his/her own experiences, rather than being a passive narrator praising an event or person. Romanticism emphasizes on passion rather than reason, imagination rather than logic, and intuition rather than science. The Romantics were drawn to the medieval past, myths and legends, supernatural being, and nature. Keats led a very tragic life. His poems can often be related back to his bitter and sad experiences in life. Many of the ideas in Keats’s works are quintessentially of Romantic nature: imagination and creativity, the beauty of nature, magical creatures or experience, and the true sufferings of human life. â€Å"Ode to a Nightingale† and â€Å"To Autumn† are two well known odes by Keats. They both reflect some of the concerns in its context. â€Å"Ode to a Nightingale† explores the sufferings of mortal life and ways of escape including alcohol, imagination and poetry, and death. The nightingale represents transcendence to a better world and its song is the means by which the narrator reaches this state. Other Romantic poets often used this type of escape. In stanza I the narrator hears the song of a nightingale and he expresses his â€Å"drowsy numbness pains† which are not the effects of alcohol, but rather, from being so happy in hearing the song that his heart aches and his senses numbs. In stanza II, the narrator longs for alcohol, so he can forget his troubles and â€Å"leave the world unseen† with the bird. This leads to stanza III, with a sombre description of the human life that the nightingale has never known: â€Å"The weariness, the fever, and the fret†, â€Å"Where youth grows pale, and spectre-thin, and dies†, â€Å"Where Beauty cannot keep her lustrous eyes†. Miseri es and the true conditions of mortal life were popular themes in Romantic poems. In stanza IV the narrator feels a great desire to fly away with the bird, away from grim mortal life and into an ideal world not through alcohol, but  through imagination and the â€Å"viewless wings of Poesy† or poetry. In stanza VI, the narrator contemplates the idea of death. The narrator is attracted to the state of dying amongst ecstatic music, flowers, perfume and the soft darkness. At the end of stanza VII, the nightingale’s song portrays a completely magical and imaginary world. However, it is not like a paradise, instead, it is more like a destructive world of illusions â€Å"perilous seas, in faery lands forlorn†. Romantic poems often contained the fantasy element. In stanza VIII, the narrator is jolted back to his reality world by the word â€Å"forlorn†. He realizes the bird has deceived him by convincing him he can escape into the ideal, but temporary world, but in the end, he will always have to come back to reality. The narrator is left with one last question to ponder – â€Å"Was it a vision, or a waking dream? Fled is that music: – Do I wake or sleep?† After the music of the nightingale is finally gone, he is unable to distinguish whether he heard the bird in his dream, or whether he was awake then, and asleep now. The end relates back to his drowsy state of being in stanza I. This circular structure can be found in a number of Romantic poems eg. Wordsworth’s â€Å"Tintern Abbey†, Keat’s â€Å"La Belle Dame Sans Merci†, and a number of his other odes. Circularity gives a sense of completeness without giving precise explanation to this experience. This poem has many characteristics in a Romantic ode including the poet’s involvement in the poem, the seriousness of the issue being discussed, and a further insight into life. Also many language techniques used by Keats, including alliteration, rhythm, rhyme, onomatopoeia, synaethesia, and personification, were commonly used by other Romantic poets. Like most other Romantic odes, â€Å"Ode to a Nightingale† is written in ten line stanzas. However, this ode is different in rhyme and rhythm. The first seven and the last two lines of each stanza are written in iambic pentameter, the eighth line of each stanza has only three accented syllables instead of five. The  rhyme scheme is the same in every stanza: ABABCDECDE. Synaesthesia is a poetic device where a thing associated with one sense is described in terms of another. It can be found in stanza II: wine is being described as â€Å"draught of vintage†, it tastes of flowers and the country green (normally associated with sight and smell), dance (movement), song (sound), and sunburn and mirth (feel and touch). Synaesthesia can also be found in stanza V where the â€Å"coming musk-rose† (touch and smell) is associated with â€Å"dewy wine† (taste). Keats uses alliteration to convey the tone and personification to dramatize the poem. Hippocrene (wine of poetic inspiration) is described as blushful, with â€Å"beaded bubbles winking at the brim†. The alliteration of ‘b’ sounds conveys energy and suggests fuzzy champagne. The repetition of soft sounds in â€Å"fade away into the forest dim† leads us to stanza III where the first three words â€Å"Fade far away† has the repetition of ‘a’ sounds, this lengthens and makes the tone subdued and melancholy. The alliteration of â€Å"fever and the fret† is followed by a series of phrases beginning with â€Å"Where†, this emphasizes the fact all these problems are associated with the mortal world. Beauty is personified here with having â€Å"lustrous eyes†. The first two words in stanza IV: â€Å"Away! Away!† renews energy after a grim stanza III. â€Å"Already with thee!† also quickens the pace. In stanza V , there are a lot of ‘s’ and ‘c’ sounds, which reflects the quiet mood. Death is personified in stanza VI, and the nightingale is personified in stanza VII. The bird is described as â€Å"not born for death†. The poem finishes in a regretful, quiet tone. The narrator and the reader are left to ponder the experience of they’ve just gone through. It ends with a mysterious note that many Romantic poems including many of Keats’s other poems also have. â€Å"To Autumn† is an ode about the real world of harvest, maturity, and fruitfulness, transfigured by the imagination. This poem was one of the last poems Keats wrote before his death. In this, Keats acknowledges his life is near the end and he accepts that beauty is in all things. The theme of this ode is one of the most popular themes used by Romantic poets. The narrator opens the poem and stanza I by addressing Autumn as a dear friend of the sun  Ã¢â‚¬Å"Close bosom-friend of the maturing sun†. They plot to load the vines with fruit, bend trees with apples, fill all fruit with ripeness, plump the pumpkins and fill flowers with honey for the bees. In stanza II, the narrator describes Autumn as a woman sitting on a granary floor, or on a half reaped grain field, watching juice from apples being squeezed by a cider press. Stanza III associates Autumn as the season on the brink of desolated winter, the songs and sounds of summer are sad and quiet. Our lives can be desc ribed in terms of seasons: spring is the beginning, summer is the peak, autumn is the maturing years and winter is the final stage in life. The form of this ode follows the same structure as other Romantic odes but it is varied. It is in eleven line stanzas, each in relatively precise iambic pentameter. The rhyme scheme divides each stanza to two parts, the first four lines follows ABAB, while the last seven lines either follow CDEDCCE (first stanza) or CDECDDE (second and third stanza). This poem takes up the themes of other odes including temporality, mortality and change, but it is full of warm, rich and calm images. Keats establishes the serene tone by use of enjambment (where an idea is carried over into a new line), onomatopoeia and personification. In stanza I, Autumn and the sun are given human qualities. The sun is personified by its maturity. A feeling of plentiful and abundance is created by what Autumn and the sun are conspiring to do. In stanza II, Autumn is completely personified, it is being described as a woman, sitting, sleeping, doing the things we humans do. This creates a feeling of warmth and familiarity. In stanza III, the day is personified as the â€Å"soft-dying day†, small gnats â€Å"mourn† in a â€Å"wailful choir† and the light wind â€Å"lives or dies†. These images convey a quiet, peaceful sleep (death). Keats demonstrates that in nature, there is the constant cycle of life and death and death is a perfectly normal, peaceful process. From this poem, we can learn that accepting our fate, destiny and our mortality does not affect our ability to appreciate beauty in our mortal world. Romanticism was a period that focused on emotions, the imagination, the  mortal world, myths and legends, supernatural beings and the place of the individual in this world. â€Å"Ode to a Nightingale† and â€Å"To Autumn† are typical Romantic poems. Their structure, language features, and themes reflects those typical during Romanticism. â€Å"Ode to a Nightingale† is about transcending to an ideal world, while â€Å"To Autumn† is about the real world changed by imagination. The moral of both is that there may be temporary escape from grimness of human life, but in the end everyone has to return to reality and accept our mortality, and this acceptance won’t affect our capability to appreciate beauty.

Saturday, January 4, 2020

Uncovering Value of Planning in New Venture Creation A Process and Contingency Perspective - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 2 Words: 542 Downloads: 4 Date added: 2017/09/15 Category Advertising Essay Did you like this example? Gruber article 2007: Uncovering the value of planning in new venture creation: A process and contingency perspective The topic discussed in the article is whether business planning has positive impact on firm performances. The existing view on this topic is dichotomous. One group of scholars think planning is important for successful firm creation, another group disagrees strongly. Findings from strategy research conclude there are two dominant models of strategy formulation. One is a rational paradigm, and the other one is an incremental paradigm. However, the strategy research has been done only for established firms. Findings from entrepreneurship research point out that planning process and its efforts on performance differ between emerging firms and established firms. Emerging firms face high level of uncertainty, and thus planning is more based on assumption to knowledge, while established firms can base their plans on past performance and historical trends. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Uncovering Value of Planning in New Venture Creation: A Process and Contingency Perspective" essay for you Create order Three problems with previous research have been identified by Gruber. First, contingent factors such as environmental uncertainty should be examined when evaluating the planning-performance relationship in start-ups. Second, process attributes such as entrepreneurial information search, time spent on planning, and efforts put into different activities should be studied as well. Third, functional areas should be planned differently depending on the importance to venture success. Marketing planning is the functional area Gruber focused on in the article. Gruber’s research indicates that the use of secondary information, the planning of customer relationship and marketing mix will have positive effect on venture performance without considering the founding environments. When taking the founding environments into consideration, the effect of time spent on marketing planning will be more positive in low dynamism environments than in high dynamism environments. The above results suggest that planning is valuable to emerging firms even in highly dynamic environments, but the key aspects (trade-off regimes) must be identified for planning to achieve superior outcomes. The following table illustrates the application of some selected variables from Gruber’s research to the Ockham case. Variables | Application in Ockham case | Use of primary information sources | The validation of the business idea is either from Jim’s consultancy experience with prior customers or from the feedback of potential customers and potential investors. No secondary data was used. | Planning of the marketing mix | The only P planned was Product. There is no clear information about planning price in the case, but I think the founders have their own estimation. Promotion and place were not planned. They sold thru personal contact, and took places best suited for the situation. | Planning how to establish customer relationships | Customer relationship was established through Jim’s personal contact. | Total time spent on planning and organizing | Less than a year. They could have spent more time on finding a good development team and establishing contact with more potential investors | Founding environment | High-tech, high-velocity environment | Technology areas | Technology area 1, operating in software field | Innovativeness | The offering is new from a market perspective | VC prior to market entry | No VC financing prior to the market entry | Organizational mode | Jim wanted to make strategic decision excluding Mike | The information showed in the above table indicates that Ockham needed more business planning. Finding a good development team and establishing contacts with more potential investors were the trade-off regimes at the planning phase.

Friday, December 27, 2019

Apple Inc. Company s Brand Value - 990 Words

Apple Inc. was incorporated on April 1, 1976 with its founder Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniac. Apple Inc. is an American multibillion company and it is also the world’s top company that is well known for its high quality electronics and software products. The company is best known for their product line of computers such as MacBook Pro, Mac Book Air and many more. Other products from Apple include iPhone, iPad, iPod and other hardware and software products. Apple Inc. was incorporated on April 1, 1976 with its founder Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniac. (Terrell, 2008) Today, Apple Inc. is one of the most successful companies worldwide due to the company’s good reputation. Apple Inc. developed their brand value by building its products with a highest quality material, attractive design and unique features. Additionally, Apple Inc. is dedicated to providing the highest quality services with its consumers. Apple Inc. has built its product with the highest quality that created a s uccessful reputation among its consumers. Apple Inc. products such as their laptops and computers are built from aluminum-base and unique designs that were built to last. (Reisinger, 2012) Secondly, the company’s packaging and labeling was also made of high quality products, which is also part of Apple Inc.’s branding strategy. In addition to good reputation due to the company’s high quality product, the company has kept its promised and guaranteed its consumer’s to provide highest quality services thatShow MoreRelatedApple Store Fifth Avenue, Us1656 Words   |  7 Pages Apple Store Fifth Avenue, US Apple Store 5th Avenue, USA Information provided in the following document represents the opinion of its sole author based on the information obtained from various internet and literature sources, it does not represent the opinion of Apple Inc. or any of its affiliates, and it does not reiterate any confidential information obtained during employment with Apple Inc. and its affiliates. Case and materials discussed are based onRead MorePorters Five Forces On Apple Inc.1499 Words   |  6 Pagesthe strategy of Apple Inc. within the Information Technology industry (Porter, 2002). 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Wilkes Bethel University MOD 440 Essentials of Strategic Management Mrs. Payne June 5, 2017 Abstract Apple’s vision statement and mission statement are bases of the company’s success as one of the most valuable companies in the world. Apple value proposition is determined in part by the level of engagement consumers can achieve with their device both in terms of frequency of use and the range of features and services they access. 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Additionally, Apple computers designs, builds, and markets a wide array of portable digital music players, telecommunication devices alongside related accessories and services (Cameron Quinn 2011, p 288). Apple Inc owes its recent successRead MoreApple Inc. Business Report1406 Words   |  6 PagesApple Inc. Business Report Apple Inc. is one of the largest U.S. corporations and a living legend of the computer world. This is a multinational corporation that designs consumer electronics, software, and personal computers on the market. Well-known hardware products include the best line of computers Macintosh, IPod, iPhone and IPad. It has a logo of bitten apple and associated brand name. The brand was officially registered by Steve Jobs

Wednesday, December 18, 2019

Essay about Censorship in Fahrenheit 451 - 1595 Words

Fahrenheit 451 Ray Bradbury One of the main themes of the novel Fahrenheit 451 is censorship. Censorship is n: the action of a censor esp. in stopping the transmission or publication of matter considered objectionable. That is, of course, according to the guys over at Merriam-Webster. The theme of Ray Bradburys Fahrenheit 451 can be seen from several different viewpoints. Bradburys novel primarily gives an anti-censorship message. Bradbury understood censorship to be a natural projection of an extremely tolerant society. The society envisioned by Bradbury in Fahrenheit 451 is often compared to Huxleys Brave New World, according to the researchers at novelguide.com. Though both works certainly have an anti-government theme,†¦show more content†¦Instead, they drove very fast, watched too much television on wall-size sets, and listened to the radio on Seashell Radio sets attached to their ears. Montag encountered a kind seventeen-year-old girl named Clarisse McClellan, who opened his eye s to the purposelessness of his life with her innocently clever questions and her odd love of people and nature. As Montags dissatisfaction with his life increased, he began to search for a solution in a stash of books that he had stolen from his own fires and hidden inside an air-conditioning vent. When Montag failed to show up for work, his fire chief, Beatty, paid a visit to him. Beatty explained that its normal for a fireman to go through a phase of wondering what books have to offer, he also explained how books came to be banned in the first place. Beatty told Montag to take about twenty-four hours to see if his stolen books contained anything meaningful and then to turn them in for incineration. Montag began a lengthy and frantic night of reading. Overwhelmed by the task of reading, he looked to his wife for help. She, however, preferred to watch television and simply could not understand why he would want to risk everything by reading books. He remembered that he once me t a retired English professor named Faber, and he decided that Faber might be able to help him. HeShow MoreRelated Censorship In Fahrenheit 451 Essay547 Words   |  3 Pages Censorship in Fahrenheit 451 nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;In Ray Bradbury’s Fahrenheit 451, the people live in a society full of censorship. Montag, the main character of the story, is inspired by a young girl to question law around him and begins to have doubts about what good they serve. In Fahrenheit 451, censorship in the world consists of book burning, manipulative parlor families, and the intolerance of those who attempt to be an individual. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Book burningRead MoreCensorship And The World Of Fahrenheit 451816 Words   |  4 PagesSherlyn Reyes Period 5 In Fahrenheit 451, owning and reading books is illegal. Members of society focus only on entertainment and speeding through life. If books are found, they are burned and their owner is arrested. If the owner refuses to abandon the books, as is the case with the Old Woman, he or she often dies, burning along with the books. People with interests outside of technology and entertainment are viewed as strange, and possible threats. In this novel, censorship plays an enormous roleRead MoreConformity And Censorship Of Fahrenheit 451828 Words   |  4 PagesSpahr Reagan Mrs. Hacker English 9 October, 26, 2017 Conformity and Censorship in Fahrenheit 451 In a society where the government practices censorship and the people embrace conformity, Guy Montag risks everything in the pursuit of knowledge and individuality. In Bradbury’s novel, Fahrenheit 451, the government imposes censorship through the outlawing of books. They enforce this law through the use of firemen, such as Montag, who are employed to destroy books and the houses in which they are foundRead MoreTheme Of Censorship In Fahrenheit 4511285 Words   |  6 PagesThis idea or theme called censorship, is the suppression or prohibition of any parts of books, films, news, etc. that are considered obscene, politically unacceptable, or a threat to security.Bradbury’s ideals for this novel have shown a different light on what a society can function like and how the people are so unaware of such as knowledge and happiness. The theme of censorship is proven in the novel by the firemen and how they are so uneducated about the ideas of knowledge and happiness, theRead MoreTheme Of Censorship In Fahrenheit 4511341 Words   |  6 PagesCensorship is defined as the suppression or prohibition of any parts of books, films, news, etc., which are considered obscene, politically unacceptable or a threat to security. Ray Bradbury’s ideals for the novel, Fahrenheit 451, have shown a different light on how a society can function. The theme of censorship is displayed in the novel by the firemen and how they are uneducated about the values of knowledge and happiness, the secret understanding the people don’t have about books, and the standardsRead MoreCensorship In William Bradburys Fahrenheit 4511112 Words   |  5 PagesCensorship is not easy to define. According to Webster’s Dictionary, to censor means to examine in order to suppress or delete anything considered objectionable. Its central characteristic is the suppression of an idea or image because it offends or disturbs someone, or because they disagree with it. In many countries , censorship is most often directed at political ideas or criticism of the government. In the United States, censorship more often involves social issues, and in school is commonlyRead MoreAnalysis Of Fahrenheit 451 : Satire Of Censorship982 Words   |  4 PagesAnalyzing Themes in Fahrenheit 451: Satire of Censorship Institution/ University Name Instructor Course Date Analyzing Themes in Fahrenheit 451: Satire of Censorship Fahrenheit 451 is a novel that has widely used satire of censorship to depict the situation in the real world whereby human beings use censorship to hide whatever they find not pleasant to expose to the masses. Due to the idea of hiding some issues from the masses, much important information and the truth is hidden from the societyRead MoreCensorship in Ray Bradburys Fahrenheit 451777 Words   |  3 PagesFahrenheit 451 accurately portrays Censorship as it has been throughout history. Ray Bradbury was probably influenced by world events during his time, such as the cold war and other diplomatic leaders who have censored their citizens to avoid the truth from getting out. From politicians right now and their attempts to censor the media, to censorship from the history of other foreign countries the actions of the â€Å"Firemen† in Bradbury’s novel Fahrenheit 451 are similar in method and meaning. The actionRead MoreCensorship In Fahrenheit 451, By Ray Bradbury926 Words   |  4 PagesFahrenheit 451 Essay â€Å"If someone tells you what a story is about, they are probably right. If they tell you that is all the story is about, they are very definitely wrong.† (Neil Gaiman). This quote connects to how stories, are not just based off of one topic, but are based off of several topics that can all relate to the central idea or message. Similarly, it represents how others’ perspectives on what the meaning of a true story is can be different from others. In this case, Fahrenheit 451 isRead MoreEssay about Fahrenheit 451 as a Criticism of Censorship943 Words   |  4 PagesFahrenheit 451 as a Criticism of Censorship      Ã‚  Ã‚   Ray Bradbury criticizes the censorship of the early 1950s by displaying these same themes in a futuristic dystopia novel called Fahrenheit 451. In the early 1950s Ray Bradbury writes this novel as an extended version of The Fireman, a short story which first appears in Galaxy magazine. He tries to show the readers how terrible censorship and mindless conformity is by writing about this in his novel.    In Fahrenheit 451, Bradbury

Tuesday, December 10, 2019

Absurd Essay Example For Students

Absurd Essay Theatre Influences on Theatre of the Absurd Big feet, stampeding rhinoceroses, and barren sets are typical of the theatre of the absurd. The dramatic content, symbolism, and spectacles are an amazing thing to see and an impossibility to comprehend. The philosophy of the absurd and the dawn of mankind influenced these plays in the twentieth century. The main proponents and works of the theater of the absurd and philosophy were influenced by the chaotic actions of the early and mid-twentieth century. These chaotic actions led them to search for something in literature and drama never seen before. A brief survey of the main proponents and works of the absurd philosophy and theater can lead one to an understanding of this epoch of absurdity. The early to mid-twentieth century has been marked by chaos. The four main events or notions that inspired the absurd writers of this time are World War I, World War II, liberalism, and epidemics. The two world wars had a devastating influence on Europes landscape and people. The two world wars knocked down everyones fundamental belief about society. The breakdown of values led to Freuds development of psychoanalysis. Freud, basically, liberalized society with his new perceptions and thoughts on the human mind. He introduced a liberal ideal that brought homosexuality out into the open in Europe. Slowly, people went public about their homosexuality; society also learned to adapt and accept such liberal ideas as the new standard norm for a post-war Europe. Another problem that plagued Europe was the Castro 2 tremendous amount of diseases and epidemics that could not be cured or treated until the discovery, development, and production of penicillin and anti-biotics. One disease that flourished was tuberculosis. This deadly disease spread quickly to many by air. All these events and notions of the early to mid-twentieth century left a scare in the hearts and minds of men about everything. The idea of the absurd grew out of an Algerian born French writer, Albert Camus. His novels and writings expressed a philosophy for man in the twentieth century. Due to the wars, factions, assassinations, and political mess, his ideas expressed the lives of many in the early twentieth century. His life was plagued with death and suffering. He could relate to every man in Europe and North Africa. His great work, the Myth of Sisyphus, proposed the philosophy of the absurd he was trying to build up in The Stranger and The Plague. Basically, Camus states that since the gods punished Sisyphus with eternal work, Sisyphus could only be happy in knowing he existed and this displayed the absurdity of modern man and his lifetime of labor. Albert Camus was influenced by his own absurd life. His father died during his childhood in the Great War. He grew up with an ill grandmother and illiterate mother. He became ill with the spreading tuberculosis of the early twentieth century. Later, he joined the French resistance in World War II. In France, he became the editor for  Combat, a newsletter for the resistance. Through his job, he was able to make contacts with the leading European writers of his time. This proved invaluable to him, because with the help of these authors he gained the fame that won him the Nobel Prize in literature. Many critics believe that his idea of the absurd grew out of seeing unspeakable acts during the war. In Camuss Myth of Sisyphus, he actually states that his theory on the absurd is a reaction to the disillusionment in Europe after the two world wars: Castro 3 The Myth of Sisyphus attempts to resolve the problem of suicide, as The Rebel attempts to solve that of murder, in both cases without the aid of eternal values which, temporarily perhaps, are absent or distorted in contemporary Europe. .u1ada20fa211440981d488e9123e6f6cb , .u1ada20fa211440981d488e9123e6f6cb .postImageUrl , .u1ada20fa211440981d488e9123e6f6cb .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u1ada20fa211440981d488e9123e6f6cb , .u1ada20fa211440981d488e9123e6f6cb:hover , .u1ada20fa211440981d488e9123e6f6cb:visited , .u1ada20fa211440981d488e9123e6f6cb:active { border:0!important; } .u1ada20fa211440981d488e9123e6f6cb .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u1ada20fa211440981d488e9123e6f6cb { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u1ada20fa211440981d488e9123e6f6cb:active , .u1ada20fa211440981d488e9123e6f6cb:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u1ada20fa211440981d488e9123e6f6cb .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u1ada20fa211440981d488e9123e6f6cb .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u1ada20fa211440981d488e9123e6f6cb .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u1ada20fa211440981d488e9123e6f6cb .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u1ada20fa211440981d488e9123e6f6cb:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u1ada20fa211440981d488e9123e6f6cb .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u1ada20fa211440981d488e9123e6f6cb .u1ada20fa211440981d488e9123e6f6cb-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u1ada20fa211440981d488e9123e6f6cb:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: A Broken Wing EssayHe drew up the philosophy of the absurd to account for the devastating actions of World War II. He needed an explanation for the misery in his life and the world, and until then Christianity and the other absolute philosophies could provide no valid explanation. The philosophy of the absurd he initiated has three main points. First, life is absurd, and it is useless to find any pattern or regularity within it. Second, man must accept life as the absurd and enjoy the absurdity with happiness. Third, man cannot fight the absurd, but simply accept that life will never have meaning. These three points combine to form the elements in the works he called the cycle of the absurd. These three points are derived from his belief about the absurd hero. A hero that finds happiness in daily labor, like Sisyphus. In Rheins Albert Camus, he complements the mid-twentieth centurys influence on Camus works: The Stranger and the Myth of Sisyphus corresponded to the atmosphere that permeated Nazi-occupied France at the date of their publicationWith the daily threat to humanity that existed amid the European disaster of the 1940s, it was difficult to believe in eternal values or naÐ ¿ve optimism, and human life became a consciously more precise thing. In this time when no one could just afford to exist passively, Camus fictive portrayal and philosophical account of the absurd hero seemed to express the uncertainty of the Castro 4 war-conscious Europeans; and Camus, along with Sartre, became the voice of an anxiety-ridden people. pg. 24 The development of the philosophy of the absurd brought about the theatre of the absurd. The theatre of the absurd has several characteristics. First, the main characteristic that all absurd plays have in common is the sense that there is no meaning in life. This theme of the meaningless in life is fundamental to the philosophy of Albert Camus. Another characteristic of the theatre of the absurd is the belief that no God exists. This characteristic is best expressed in Becketts Waiting for Godot. The title has been interpreted as saying Waiting for God. A third aspect of absurd theatre is the conjunction of unrealistic characters and fantastic situations. The

Tuesday, December 3, 2019

Tamburlaine The Great Essay Research Paper Example For Students

Tamburlaine The Great Essay Research Paper A monologue from the play by Christopher Marlowe NOTE: This monologue is reprinted from Masterpieces of the English Drama. Ed. William Lyon Phelps. New York: American Book Company, 1912. FIRST VIRGIN: Most happy king and emperor of the earth,Image of honour and nobility,For whom the powers divine have made the world,And on whose throne the holy Graces sit;In whose sweet person is comprisd the sumOf Natures skill and heavenly majesty;Pity our plights! O, pity poor Damascus!Pity old age, within whose silver hairsHonour and reverence evermore have reignd!Pity the marriage-bed, where many a lord,In prime and glory of his loving joy,Embraceth now with tears of ruth and bloodThe jealous body of his fearful wife,Whose cheeks and hearts, so punishd with conceit,To think thy puissant never-stayed armWill part their bodies, and prevent their soulsFrom heavens of comfort yet their age might bear,Now wax all pale and witherd to the death,As well for grief our ruthless governorHath thus refusd the mercy of thy hand,(Whose sceptre angels kiss and Furies dread,)As for their liberties, their loves, or lives!O, then, for these, and such as we ourselves,For us, for infants, and for al l our bloods,That never nourishd thought against thy rule,Pity, O pity, sacred emperor,The prostrate service of this wretched town:And take in sign thereof this gilded wreath,Whereto each man of ruth hath given his hand,And wishd, as worthy subjects, happy meansTo be investors of thy royal browsEven with the true Egyptian diadem! We will write a custom essay on Tamburlaine The Great Research Paper specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now

Wednesday, November 27, 2019

The Power of Humor

The Power of Humor Free Online Research Papers Power is a very strong feeling. People have and always will strive for power. The sense of security power gives comforts people. They are not being attacked for their actions but in fact, they are backed by supporters (audience) or attain high morale by making their opposition (women or butt of joke) feel helpless and second-rate. The power struggle between men and women has always existed, and always will. Back when the women’s rights movement was happening, they gained a lot of power, but not enough. To this day women are still patronized and looked down upon as the poor, little, weak, girl image. Even salaries are still not equal to men. Men think of women as raising the kids during the day and being a good house wife, while the dominant man brings home the money to support the family. The word of the man of the house is the rule. Nancy Walker shows some examples how this idea of women is converted into comedy and how in different situations men would react or respond differently. She believes men’s background attributes to the different reactions. A good representation of this is if you see a Chinese or Asian women laugh, they always cover their mouths. This action shows shyness which most women, I believe carry. This also could possibly explain why women are embarrassed to joke and kid in the presence of a man or men. They feel they should not be doing this. When telling a joke, further along the line, someone will be offended. This statement, made by Susan Purdie, compares and contrasts the joke-teller and audience relationship and the torment of the butt of a joke. It is understood joking is a good way to make conversation or to meet people in general. But when joking, discretion is advised. People might get offended. Say for example, when going out with a group of friends who are all white except for one African American. A seemingly harmless joke about African Americans would not be appropriate because that person might get upset. The butt, in most jokes is considered a â€Å"stupid person†, and the teller/audience might distinguish themselves as clever, and or superior. Though this is not very nice, it is common. It is a fact that when a dominant group feels threatened of their power, they will do what they can to prevent the loss power, making them feel secure. Comedy is a language in it self. Comedy can imply an op inion of one person just by the jokes told. Racism can be easily linked in today’s comedy. Comedians poke fun at all sorts of ethnicities based on stereo-types known to public. When a good comedian sets up his act, he wants the audience to back him in his jokes. Once he has reached a certain level of support, he must feel very confident to throw more jokes bordering offensive, because he knows he is untouchable (powerful) with his crowd. Without the crowd, some jokes told would not be allowed to slide so easy. Patriotism is very powerful and is commonly used in jokes to attack all middle-eastern people. Talking about September 11th touches the audience’s memory to accept jokes about middle-eastern people. The power used in these situations is really quite frightening. Research Papers on The Power of HumorWhere Wild and West MeetHip-Hop is ArtAnalysis Of A Cosmetics Advertisement19 Century Society: A Deeply Divided EraThe Fifth HorsemanPersonal Experience with Teen PregnancyEffects of Television Violence on ChildrenCapital PunishmentBringing Democracy to AfricaComparison: Letter from Birmingham and Crito The Power of Humor Free Online Research Papers An old legend once said that shortly after Adam was created, he complained: â€Å"O Lord! You have given the lion fierce teeth and claws, and the elephant formidable tusks; you have given the deer swiftness of legs, and the turtle a protective shell; you have given the birds of flight wings, but you have left me altogether defenseless.† And the Lord said unto Adam, â€Å"I shall give you an invisible weapon that will serve you and your children better than any weapons of fight or flight, a power that will save you from even yourself. I shall give you the sense of humor.† (Wilson, 1996). Humor is defined as the quality or content of something such as a story, performance, or joke that elicits amusement and laughter. This unique characteristic has been known to affect the mind, body, and soul for thousands of years. What makes us laugh? There are three traditional theories about what we find humorous. The incongruity theory states that humor occurs when logic and familiarity are replaced by things that don’t normally go together. This means that a joke becomes funny when you expect an outcome and end up with an entirely different one. Now we have two sets of different thoughts that are occurring simultaneously and this incongruity between them are found to be humorous. The second is the superiority theory. This theory comes into play when we laugh because of someone else’s mistakes. It causes us to feel superior to this person and therefore presents laughter. The final theory is the relief theory. Movie-makers tend to have this theory down to a science. The act of building tension and then breaking it with a side comment, comic relief, is an example of the relief theory. We again have the two sets of different thoughts occurring simultaneously, and laughter is our body’s way of breaking that tension. (Marshall). The Power of Humor 3 So what exactly happens when you laugh? As you already know, your body is an amazing invention and your brain, an even greater one. Researchers believe that your brain goes through a series of steps before your body produces laughter. First, the left side of the cortex analyzes the words and structure of the joke. Next, the frontal lobe, which is associated with social emotional responses, becomes very active and the right side of the cortex carries out the intellectual analysis to â€Å"get† the joke. And finally, brainwave activity spreads to the sensory processing area before the simulation of the motor sections evoke physical responses to the joke. (Phinney, 2006). While your brain is inducing laughter, it affects your body in a variety of ways. During the side-splitting commotion, your heart-rate and blood pressure increase (like they do in exercise) and then decrease down to levels below normal. This causes you to breathe deeper and send more oxygen and nutrients throughout your body. Your body’s production of endorphins, t-cells, and b-cells increases. Your thymus enlarges creating more secretion of the hormones used to stimulate the production of infection fighting cells and eases muscle tension and psychological stress. (Wilson, 1996) Humor not only helps us stay physically healthy, but emotionally healthy as well. Being able to laugh at oneself and one’s life is a way to accept and respect oneself. Because this is a positive attribute, lack of a sense of humor is directly affiliated with a low self-esteem. Mental health benefits of laughter consist of a change in behavior for the best, increased energy throughout the day, a replacement of distressing emotions with happy thoughts and feelings, and a great path to unraveling stress by assisting us to view the world with perspective. However, a lack of sense of humor can be detrimental to your The Power of Humor 4 mental health. Because humor helps pull us out of emotional stress, a lack of humor would remove a healthy way for one to feel better. (Marshall). There is no hard physical evidence to support the claim that humor is the best medicine. However, humor is like gravity. You cannot sense humor with any of the five senses just as you cannot with gravity. Whether you believe in it or not, it works. Just as you don’t have to believe in gravity, if you step of a roof, it works! Similarly, you don’t have to believe in the power of humor, but just start laughing and your body gets a healthy boost. (Wilson, 1996). What do we find humorous? There are many factors that cause everyone to find humor in an assortment of places. Experts say the most significant seems to be age. Infants and young children are constantly learning new and exciting things in the world around them. All of these new and surprising discoveries register to them as funny. Jokes that involve cruelty, which boosts their self-assertiveness, are also very appealing to them. As children grow into their pre-teen and teenage years, they tend to laugh more at jokes related to sex, food, authority figures, and anything that is not morally right to do. As teens mature into adults, our sense of humor also matures. The adult sense of humor is more subtle and less judgmental on differences in people. For the most part, adults laugh at and about what stress them out. Another factor in finding humor is the culture or community we are from. There are issues related with every country that may be joked about but might only be understood by t hose from that country. If this is the case and we are not familiar with the situation being joked about, our brain doesn’t â€Å"get† the joke and the laughter response is not triggered. If a joke is registered in the brain and the response The Power of Humor 5 is, â€Å"that’s not funny,† it suggests that the joke was either offensive or the person lacked an experience that tied the joke and the punch line together. (Marshall). Although there is no way to prove the old saying â€Å"humor is the best medicine,† there are many stories and reports that tie the two together. At the trauma center, Harborview Medical Center in Seattle, WA, a man walks around dressed as Dr. Seuss leading chants and humoring patients, staff, and visitors. Therapeutic laughter originated in India not long ago and has unintentionally made its way into this hospital. In the summer of 2000, Tita Begashaw invited posted flyers encouraging a laugh session in front of the hospital. Six years later, Harborview Medical Center’s laugh classes are part of a weekly routine. (Phinney, 2006) A 41-year old man named Tom, after suffering two mild heart attacks, needed to go through the surgical procedure of an angioplasty before he could get back to his normal life. As Tom and the team discussed the procedure, they agreed on using a positive outlook and a sense of humor. Unaware of Tom’s secret humor weapon, the time came and the team wheeled him to the operating room. On the way, Tom pulled out a fuzzy pair of â€Å"groucho glasses† and put them on. One of the nurses played it out as if they were regular glasses, took them and insured they would be right there after the procedure. This little bit of humor stuck with them as a way for Tom to show his belief and support in his team. After the outstanding success of the operation, Tom later told of how big a role humor had played in getting him through this frightening experience. (Wilson, 1996). The Power of Humor 6 There is an international clearinghouse for news, information, and ideas about therapeutic laughter. This worldwide organization is called the World Laughter Tour. Its goal is to lead the world to health, happiness, and peace through laughter. Although this is probably the largest laughter club, there are many others in every state. The WLT offers a training program on â€Å"How to Create Therapeutic Laughter and Laughter Clubs.† The program prepares you to be a qualified leader for laughter clubs and other therapeutic laughter activities by teaching you everything from the science of laughter to the group dynamics of a laughter group. This is a very helpful program in the ways it helps people lower their stress, take life a little more lightly and most importantly, switch on the power of healing. (Wilson, 2008). The saying goes, â€Å"Angels can fly because they take life so lightly.†-Anonymous. The observation of humor’s effects on the mind and body has been greatly increased over the past decade. No one knows its true outcomes, or if it really is the â€Å"best medicine.† but we do know how it affects the body. If you are ever find yourself in an overly-stressed situation, try to find something humorous in it. Now that you have a new prospective on the situation, you might find that you are more relaxed and less stressed. The Power of Humor 7 References Marshall, Brian. How Laughter Works. http://people.howstuffworks.com/laughter.htm/printable Phinney, Susan. (2006). Humor has fans in medical circles. http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/health/262840_laughter14.html Sultanoff, Steven M. (1995). What is Humor? aath.org/articles/art_sultanoff01.html Wilson, Steve. (1996). Humor and healing: The invisible weapon. worldlaughtertour.com/pdfs/02%20INVISIBLE%20WEAPON.pdf Wilson, Steve. (2008). World Laughter Tour History. worldlaughtertour.com/sections/about/history.asp Research Papers on The Power of HumorWhere Wild and West MeetThe Hockey GameThe Spring and AutumnThe Relationship Between Delinquency and Drug UseEffects of Television Violence on ChildrenHarry Potter and the Deathly Hallows EssayMarketing of Lifeboy Soap A Unilever ProductIncorporating Risk and Uncertainty Factor in CapitalThree Concepts of PsychodynamicCapital Punishment